Excellent Advice from Allah – Nouman Ali Khan – Quran Weekly

Assalamu Alaykum Quran Weekly, Today inshallah in the 58th ayah of surah
An-Nisa I want to share with you something that Allah (SWT) Himself describes as إِنَّ اللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُم بِهِ (Inna Allaha niAAimma yaAAithukum bihi) No doubt Allah (SWT), how beautiful it is
the kind of advice He is giving you. He gives us advice all the time but He doesn’t stop
and say, “You realize how beautiful this advice is?” That’s what He did in this incredible ayah.
He actually stopped and praised the advice itself. So it must be something really, really
special. Allah (SWT) says, إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَن تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُم بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَن تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ (Inna Allaha ya/murukum an tu-addooal-amanati ila ahliha wa-itha hakamtumbayna annasi an
tahkumoo bilAAadl) There are only two parts of the advice. He
says, number one no doubt about it, it is Allah (SWT) in fact, He is the one that has
commanded you that you give in full the trusts to those who deserve them. Fulfill trusts.
You are entrusted with certain things; make sure you do your full duty. This is the first
great advice Allah (SWT) says. Allah (SWT) has certain rights over us. He has entrusted
us with اﻟﻠﻪ اﻻ اﻟﻪ ﻻ (La ilaha illa Allah) and it comes with certain
obligations. He is the first Ahl really; He is the first one qualified that we should
fulfill our trust before Him, but then we have a trust with His Rasul (SAW) — how to
honor him, how to obey him ‘alayhi alsalat walsalam. Then we have a trust beyond that with our family, our parents,
our neighbors. These are all trusts. Allah (SWT) in this incredible, this summary of
Islam, is basically telling us that your life, the beautiful commandment that summarizes
all of Islam all together is you give people what they deserve. You make sure you give
people what they deserve and no less. If you are an employer, give your employees
no less than what they deserve. If you are an employee, give your employer no less than
what he or she deserves. If you are a student, give your teacher what he deserves, she deserves.
If you are a teacher, give your student what he or she deserves. If you are an Imam, give
your congregation what they deserve. If you are a congregation, give the Imam what they
deserve. Everybody needs to get what they deserve. By the way, if you understand this comprehensively,
this ayah, you live by it pretty much in every every transaction in your life. You are driving
on the street, before you cut someone off, you think, “Does this person deserve that?”
Before you cut in line or grab somebody else’s stuff, the courtesy we show each other at
the airports. You know a lot of times, subhanallah, people don’t even live by this ayah when they
park outside the masjid in Jummuah. There are people who deserve the right-of-way and
you just cut right in, “No, no, no, I am getting late.” What, he is not getting late? You shouldn’t
have come this late anyways. Then people park on other people’s lawn. And even non-Muslims
have such a terrible impression of Muslims because we park in their spaces. These are
people’s rights; you can’t just trample all over them. You have to give them their dues. Then the Rasulullah (SAW) tells us to look
out for our neighbors. How many of us even know our neighbors? And that’s a right they have
over us. We don’t even know their names. We should know who they are. We should know how
they are doing. We should be checking on them. When you make iftar, give some food to your
neighbor. Tell them we are celebrating Eid even if they are Hindu, they’re Atheist, they’re
Jewish, their Christian — it doesn’t matter. Give them and tell them, “We are celebrating.
We want you to celebrate. You are our neighbor. Rasul taught us to take care of our neighbor.
The Messenger taught us to take care of our neighbor. If you need anything, let us know.”
SubhanAllah. How many Muslims are in fights with their neighbors? أَن تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا (An tu-addooal-amanati ila ahliha) You give people who deserve rights, their
full rights. SubhanAllah. If we can just live by this one piece of advice, the Muslim ummah
would look different. Your life and my life would look different. Our families would look
different. And the second bit of advice, وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُم بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَن تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ (wa-itha hakamtumbayna annasi an tahkumoo bilAAadl) And when the time comes when you have to make
decisions between two people, meaning there is a dispute and you are the judge. You are
thinking, “I am not a judge. When am I going to sit in a judges chair and judge between
people?” Allah (SWT) is saying, إِذَا (itha) which actually means it is eventual. Between your parents there might be a fight, between your siblings there might be a fight, between
your friends there might be a fight, between your classmates there might be a fight, coworkers
there might be quarrel. There will be some conflict and people will turn to you for,
“What do you think? Whose side should you take?” Allah (SWT) says, whenever that happens,
you side with justice. أَن تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ
(An tahkumoo bilAAadl) Let you judge with fairness. Sometimes the
person you don’t like is right and the person you do like, your friend, is wrong. It’s hard
to say your friend is wrong. You are going to have to say it. And sometimes it’s hard
to say the other family is wrong, the other family is right, and your own family is wrong.
It’s hard to do it. You have to do it sometimes. Sometimes it’s hard to tell your own brother,
your older brother, that he is wrong, and the younger brother is right. And you have to side
with the younger brother just because he is right. SubhanAllah. You are going to be put
in those kinds of positions. وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُم بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَن تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ (wa-itha hakamtumbayna annasi an tahkumoo bilAAadl) Then Allah (SWT) says إِنَّ اللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُم بِهِ (Iinna Allaha niAAimma yaAAithukum bihi) What a huge bit of advice Allah (SWT) is giving
you. What a powerful sermon Allah (SWT) is giving you inside these ayats. It is as though
Allah (SWT) is saying, “I don’t think you realize what I just told you. I don’t think
you realize how heavy this is.” Just living by these two declarations, the first of them, أَن تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا (An tu-addooal-amanati ila ahliha) You give responsibilities to people who deserve
them. One last comment about that first one and then one last comment about the second
one. In the case of the first one, you know sometimes people give a job to their nephew
or their cousin or whatever — hookups. They don’t deserve the job but they slip them in,
right? The Muslim connection sometimes. Does that person deserve it? And if you live by
this ayah, if there is a Christian who applies for the job, a Hindu applies for the job,
but he is more qualified, and the Muslim applies and he is not qualified. Then you don’t say
it’s Islamic for me to give the job to my Muslim brother. No, no, no, no, no. You give
the job to those who deserve it. You were hired as a human resource manager, not to
hire your Muslim brother; you were hired to pick the most qualified candidate. This is أَن تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا (An tu-addooal-amanati ila ahliha) The sahabah were very keen on this. They were
extremely keen on this. When there were disputes between Muslims and non-Muslims, they would
hear the Muslim’s side of the story first even, and they would hear it fully, and they
wouldn’t assume that “Our brother, how could he be wrong?” They wouldn’t do that. We can’t
do that. You give rights to people that deserve them. You know. And sometimes you are put
in that position when people ask you to give a recommendation. Hey could you recommend
me on LinkedIn? Can you put in a good word? I am sending a resume. Can you sign my recommendation letter? Well if you are not a good student, I cannot sign your recommendation letter.
If you didn’t do decent work, I cannot recommend you. But you’re my Muslim brother. Yes I am,
which is why I can’t lie on your behalf. We have to be honest and give recommendations
to those who deserve it. The opposite of that is also true. Sometimes we don’t like other
Muslims coming up, right? So as opportunities open up for them and people say, “Hey, what
do you think about this one for marriage?” “Well he is a good guy but I don’t know. Nah.” You
just don’t want good to happen to him. Not because you have a real reason but you just
don’t want him to have some good that was coming his way. Subhanallah. Don’t be like
that either. May Allah (SWT) help us live by this very,
very powerful advice and through living by this advice, may Allah (SWT) change the face
of the entire Ummah. BarakAllahu li Walakum, Wa-Salaamu Alaikum
Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh As-Salaamu Alaikum everyone. If you’ve benefitted
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