Pouvoir et Sexe – Zeus, le relooking mythologique #1

Pouvoir et Sexe – Zeus, le relooking mythologique #1


Hey ! Hi ! Welcome to “C’est une autre histoire”
(“That’s another story”), the channel that deals with history in
another way ! (I know, I didn’t really rack my brains !) This video is intended for every history enthusiast but also for every people who don’t give
a damn about history and maybe will change their mind after
watching this video ! And this first video is about mythology. Did you know that Antiquity is nowadays all around you without
even having you notice. I give you an example. Nike, the sportswear brand, comes from
Ancient Greek “niké”. It has nothing to do with the French
word “niquer” (literally “screw”). “Niké” means “victory” in Ancient Greek. A cool word for a sportswear brand. Antiquity is freakin cool ! So this first video is dedicated to what I have called the “mythological makeover”. It has nothing to do with fashion. It is only called “makeover” because there
has been a before and an after mythology…. I could have said “the before-after mythology”… No, this is terrible. In this series, every episode will therefore
be dedicated to a Greco-Roman divinity and we will examine who he was during Antiquity but also who he has begun through history, how he has been reused, modified, sometimes distorted up to our days. We will mainly focus on the myth because it is probably the most
accessible thing. But keep in mind a divinity doesn’t exist only
through his mythology. He is the result of an intricate dialogue between
myth, cult and art. If you want to know more about cult and art, jump to the end of the video when
I suggest you some books. Finally, if historians watch this video, keep in mind it is adressed to a large audience so it has to remain accessible and not too specific. Don’t forget there are as many versions of a myth
as authors to talk about it unlike the monotheisms of our society, with
a reference book. It explains why Hephaestus is sometimes the
son of Hera and Zeus or sometimes Hera alone. Yeah, she conceived a child alone. Parthenogenesis ! The fact there are several versions of an identical
myth forces me to make choices and don’t talk about all of them each time. So yes, it is possible that
you sometimes read or hear about versions different from those I have selected. You are now informed. And also remember that concerning monotheisms, the one god is morally good, omnipresent and omnipotent. While the Greeks’ and Romans’ gods had limited powers, looked like men, suffered as much as men, except they were immortal ! As a consequence, I decided to devote
this first episode to Zeus, the king of the Gods ! Because… I am the one who decides ! So the before/after of Zeus is now ! POW Zeus, for Greeks, is generally considered as the equivalent of
Jupiter for Romans [obviously, it is way more complex]. He is the master of Gods, the master of the Olympus where gods live. He is the master of thunder, the biggest, the greatest and the most powerful. He is a real self-made-man. Ori… sale faid male ? Self… self… [Bart as voiceover] “Self-made-man” ! He is a real self-made-man. Originally, he wasn’t supposed to rule at all, he was rather destined to rot in his father’s belly. Yes, I am going to talk about it. Zeus is the son of Cronus, a Titan. Cronus was the former king of Gods who had himself overthrown his own father after cutting his genitals because he kept impregnating his wife ! Mythology is nice. (Ah ! I knocked out myself !) When Cronus took power, he married one of his sisters, Rhea, and
had many children together. Except he heard one of his sons would
dethrone him. So to avoid this situation, he devoured all his children as they were born. Of course Rhea was a bit irritated and she decided to use cunning for her last son, Zeus. She secretly gave birth and hid her baby before giving a swaddled stone to Cronus. And Cronus immediately swallowed it. As he grew up, Zeus undertook to free his
brothers and sisters imprisoned in Cronus’ belly so he gave an emetic to Cronus thanks to Rhea. Once they had came out of their father’s belly, his brothers and sisters directly sided with Zeus and a war between gods for the sovereignty
over the world was declared. Zeus finally won it so he shared the world with his brothers. Poseidon took the sea, Hades the underworld, and Zeus everything else. Calmly. So he recreated a new and stable cosmic ordering and tried to consolidate it. Actually, his first wife was Metis. Metis embodied cunning, intelligence and
anticipation of what was going to happen. Yet she is pregnant and Zeus is worried because he has been told
she would give birth to a child stronger than him. Quite annoying ! Zeus decided to swallow Metis (yeah, a kind of family habit). As a result, he concentrated inside him all
this foreseeable intelligence so that he is safe, nobody can foil him anymore… ( – ) The child inside Metis’ belly was still delivered,
but via the head of Zeus. She was Athena. As the daughter of Metis, she also showed cunning and inventiveness but she was under her father’s influence. Here is the sovereignty of Zeus set forever. “Forever”. Nothing would reverse the cosmic ordering. Ok, one or two tricky situations to manage
were left, huh, like the Giants and Typhon trying to overthrow him but unsuccessfully ! To represent Zeus, the antique artists used
precise codes to recognize him. They were attributes, meaning the elements
specific to him and which permitted to identify him. Even if the representations change over time, (yes, because Antiquity lasted several centuries !) his main symbols were : an eagle, a thunderbolt ( – ) and usually a beard. And also an aegis. The aegis is a sort of… armour/shield… with the skin of a goat and scales… with Medusa’s head in the centre and
a border of snakes… which allows Zeus to control weather. Kamoulox. (Something is missing). Zeus is often called the father of men and gods. And for good reason since he literally
repopulated the world. And by the way, most of his mythology is based
on his…. romance stories. I am going to tell you the spiciest ! Zeus’ wife is his sister Hera. She was a very jealous goddess and for good reason ! In fact, Zeus didn’t have many children with
his wife Hera. He had for instance Hephaestus (depending
on versions) and Ares, the god of destructive war who clearly
wasn’t his favourite son. The favourite child of Zeus probably was Athena only born of her father as we saw it before. Zeus gave birth to many other gods. Actually he gave birth to every great Olympian
gods except his brothers and sisters. (Olympian gods live on the Olympus, but
there are others). Among the gods Zeus gave birth to, there was : Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Dionysus and Hermes. Zeus also cheated on his wife and sister Hera with his other sister, Demeter, who gave him a daughter, Persephone, herself abducted and forced to marry
her uncle Hades. As I told you, one of Zeus’ characteristic
was the metis, this cunning intelligence which allowed him
to trick and get what he wanted. And by the way, he largely used it to seduce and/or rape many people ! For instance, to approach Callisto, a huntress nymph who generally went with Artemis,
the goddess of the hunt, Zeus actually changed into Artemis. Except it was too late when Callisto
realized it, he already held her in his arms and bam ! She got pregnant ! So Artemis got rid of Callisto because
she was sullied. Hera was furious and changed her
into a bear. Afterwards, she was almost killed by her
own son who was hunting but to console everybody, Zeus turned him into a bear too which led to the constellations of the Great
Bear and the Little Bear. Did you know that ? To sleep with Alcmene, Zeus transformed into her husband
Amphitryon. It means she didn’t even realize and gave birth to Heracles. Well, Hera then took her revenge giving 12
really annoying labours to Heracles. And Zeus didn’t only love women because he changed into an eagle to seduce
the handsome Ganymede. Incredibly well imitated eagle call. “I charm you”. But the craziest thing to me is the story of Danaë. Danaë’s father was told Danaë would give birth
to a son who would kill him. So to avoid her daughter sinned, he locked her
in a tower. And Zeus, who was always very smart, managed to impregnate her becoming rain. She was impregnated by rain… But wait, a golden rain, huh ! Ladies, wrap you up ! And to follow up, there was also Io, the priestess
of rappers ! No…. She was one of Hera’s priestess… (Sorry for that !) Ok. Zeus changed into a cloud to go out with her. A cloud… Here we are ! And stories like that, there are many,
many others ! And if you also know some, you can write them
in comments. I’m hot ! There we are. It was a really quick teaser of Zeus
during Antiquity but afterwards ? Well there weren’t many things in the Middle
Ages (I simplify). But on the other hand, the Renaissance was
marked by the rediscovery of Ancients. (When I speak about Ancients, I don’t imply
your grandmother but people from Antiquity). (What a joke). Myths are brought up to date, which gives
a new life to mythology. It is especially much used in arts. For instance, the Italian painter Correggio did a whole series of paintings which depicted
Zeus’ love stories including Io’s painting in 1530 with her cloud. (He kisses her). “I sleep with a cloud”. And it went on the following centuries. Mythology is a source of entertainment for elites, and Zeus’ romance stories inspired plays, operas, etc. As the lyrical comedy Platée by Jean-Philippe Rameau which dates from the 18th century. It was performed in 1745 during Louis XV wedding, and is still played nowadays. The story is a bit terrible. In fact, Jupiter decided to teach Juno a lesson, Juno being Hera’s equivalent for Romans, because of her jealousy. So he pretended to court a very ugly nymph, Platée, and even organized a fake wedding. And when a furious Juno suddenly appeared at
the marriage and pulled of the bride’s veil, well she realized the bride is quite ugly, and
everybody laughed heartily. Except Platée. The moral is, if you are ugly, gods make fun
of you. I also like James Barry’s painting, which
dates from the 1790s and represents Jupiter and Juno on Mount Ida. It is not very often you can see them
passionately in love, which gives a bit of credit to Juno. Well not really ! Actually it is a trick ! This episode is related in Iliad. Hera “took care” of Zeus while the other gods took care of the Trojan War. Everybody has been tricked ! As you can see in this painting, the atmosphere
is very hot, and I like the tension in their eyes, which says
a lot about their relationship. (It was a strange voice !) I love you ! I love you ! I loooooove you ! Eye-crossing time ! The majesty of our god keeps being
highlighted, as you can see on Ingres’ painting, “Jupiter and Thetis” painted in 1811. We can see Thetis, Achilles’ mother, who begs Jupiter to favour her child in Trojan War. Behind is Juno, who seems to be bored to death but still keeps an eye on the scene. Because it must be said Thetis is another
and former conquest of Zeus. But this time he gave up because he was told she would give birth
to a son stronger than his father. Haha ! Clever ! I love the way she begs him. “Have meeeercy” “Please” “Come on….” As I told you, the eagle is Zeus’ animal. And it became Jupiter’s. As he was the protector of Rome, it became the symbol of the Roman empire. And afterwards, many other empires adopted
this symbol. The Napoleonic Empires for instance or the Third Reich ! Guys who quite tended to expand in other words ! And maybe more ! And nowadays, what is done with Zeus ? Of course, mythology still fascinates and nourrishes many domains as movies. Well, once again we can’t talk about everything,
so I took an example among the ton I had available. Deliberately very commercial, because it concerns a large audience and
says a lot about many things. It is “Immortals” by Tarsem Singh released
in 2011. *Tar…Tarsen Sig. By… Tarsen Sing…* Anyway. A big American blogbuster in which many things about the vision of
Antiquity would have to be said but we are going to focus on Zeus. So I am not going to speak about the Christian
notions based on polytheism, and I am going to spare you a comment about the… really beautiful helmets the other gods
have been rigged out. (Poseidon has a fish on his head !) The movie hero is Theseus, a brave warrior. A brave warrior because he has been trained
by an old man who is none other than a disguised Zeus. So the movie makers took account of Zeus’ modest
hobby which consists in changing. However, this role rather reminds the
transformation of Athena in the Odyssey in Mentor, a character who helped Ulysses
and his son. Well, it is also true that Zeus changed into
a beggar in mythology to spy on the Lycaon king for instance. Ok. No but all right. Ok. So Zeus in “Immortals”, doesn’t have beard for a start, huh, but a small mustache instead. But given the hairiness of the other gods,
it has to look like a damn beard. Then, he has a whip, which certainly
existed in the Antiquity but isn’t really like the thunderbolt we
commonly see. And he obviously has a hyper-stylized outfit, just like the whole movie set to be faithful to our contemporary standards. To each his own standards. We can also see he kills his son Ares, his hated son in mythology ; and he is very close to his daughter Athena, his favorite daughter in mythology. So to sum up, and I take things with
a pinch of salt, basically, from a distance, with eyes crossed and sunglasses, we have a representation… quite… faithful… of the antique Zeus. This is the moment when historians pass out. But the movie’s aesthetics and the rest of the script are quite wtf. But this film absolutely doesn’t have any
historical ambition and claims to be an entertainment. Is it a success… We focused on Zeus but if you are interested in mythology
in movies, I would advise you to watch the video of
“Le Fossoyeur de Films” on this subject where he gives his personal opinion about
movies of this kind. Here is the kink. Personally, I liked it. And finally, one of the most improbable references
I have found on our god is Sailor Moon ! Yeah, because actually there is a Sailor Jupiter ! Ok, I tell you right now, and I am going to upset an army of Peter Pan
syndrome people, but I have never watched Sailor Moon. In fact, I wasn’t allowed to watch the “Club Dorothée”. So I played with stones before going to the mine. As a result, to fill my Sailor Moon’s gap, I didn’t really want to get lumbered with
the 200 episodes. So, what did I do ? I checked a great reliable source on the Internet, Wikipedia ! Never do that guys. And what does Wikipedia says ? It says : “Sailor Jupiter is, with Sailor Uranus, one of
the warriors with the greatest physical strength. Her outfit is green with its…” Well, ok. “Sailor Jupiter masters electricity and is the warrior of thunder and bravery !” Here we are ! The warrior of thunder, the link with Jupiter is… quite obvious ! It is true that we can speak about a damn makeover. By the way, here is Sailor Jupiter. Huh… Is it really a cartoon for children ? Actually I don’t know, I never watched it ! (I have the nasty habit of raising my arms
very very high). And here we are, this is the end of our video. But before separating, I have a challenge for you. In this video, I have hidden a button which
leads to a secret link containing bloopers. Would you be able to find it ? Oh, and I almost forgot ! Here is someone to attract many viewers. Can you say hello Khaleesi ? Ok… Ouch ! If you want to go further, I suggest you
some books which are accessible by everyone. Otherwise, if you have liked this video,
just like it, share it, follow us also on the social networks to help us having our channel famous. And if you have things to say about Zeus
I didn’t mention, since there are many others, don’t hesitate over writing comments
to help us improving ourselves too. We will take them ! I am Manon Bril, the guy in charge of the sound is Sam and the guy behind the camera is Bart. In a next makeover episode, we will talk about
the great goddess of war and wisdom, but that’s another story ! (I’m eating my hair !) Subtitles by the Amara.org community

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